Select Page

Applied Chemistry

Knowledge of basic ideas of Chemistry for Engineering students can facilitate them as
professional engineers later in style and material choice, in addition as utilizing the offered

Learning Objectives:

• Plastics ar today utilized in unit appliances; additionally they’re used as composites
(FRP) in region industries.
• Fuels as a supply of energy ar a basic would like of any business, notably industries like
thermal power stations, industry, fertiliser business etc., and thus they’re
• the fundamentals for the development of galvanic cells in addition as a number of the sensors utilized in
instruments ar introduced. additionally if corrosion is to be controlled, one has got to perceive
the mechanism of corrosion that itself is explained by chemical science theory.
• With the rise in demand, a large kind of materials ar coming back up; a number of them
have wonderful engineering properties and some of those materials ar introduced.
• Understanding of crystal structures can facilitate to grasp the conduction,
semiconductors and superconductors. Magnetic properties also are studied.
• With the rise in demand for power and additionally with depleting sources of fossil fuels,
the demand for different sources of fuels is increasing. a number of the potential fuel
sources ar introduced.



Polymerisation : Introduction- Mechanism of polymerisation – Stereo regular polymers –
methods of polymerisation (emulsion and suspension) -Physical and mechanical properties –
Plastics as engineering materials : blessings and limitations – Thermoplastics and
Thermosetting plastics – combination and fabrication (4/5 techniques)- Preparation, properties
and applications of polyethene, PVC, plastic Teflon and polycarbonates
Elastomers – Natural rubber- combination and vulcanisation – artificial rubbers : Buna S,
Buna N, Thiokol and polyurethanes – Applications of elastomers.
Composite materials & Fiber bolstered plastics – perishable polymers – Conducting polymers.



Fuels:- Introduction – Classification – hot worth – HCV and LCV – Dulong’s formula –
Bomb calorimeter – Numerical issues – Coal –– Proximate and supreme analysis –
Significance of the analyses – Liquid fuels – Petroleum- processing – Cracking – artificial gas
–Petrol sound – Diesel sound – hydrocarbon and Cetane ratings – Anti-knock agents – Power
alcohol – Bio-diesel – gassy fuels – fossil fuel. LPG and CNG – Combustion – Calculation
of air for the combustion of a fuel – Flue gas analysis – Orsat equipment – Numerical issues
on combustion.
Explosives:- Introduction, classification, examples: RDX, trinitrotoluene and ammonia group – rocket
I Year – II Semester
4 0 0 3


chemical science CELLS AND CORROSION
Galvanic cells – Reversible and irreversible cells – Single conductor potential – Electro chemical
series and uses of this series- customary electrodes (Hydrogen and chloride electrodes) –
Concentration Cells – Batteries: Leclanche cell – Ni-Cd cells – Ni-Metal binary compound cells – Li cells – metallic element
– air cells.
Corrosion:- Definition – Theories of Corrosion (electrochemical) – Formation of galvanic cells
by totally different metals, by concentration cells, by differential aeration and line corrosion –
Passivity of metals – erosion corrosion – Galvanic series – Factors that influence the speed of
corrosion – Protection from corrosion – style and material choice – electrode protection –
Protective coatings: – Surface preparation – gold-bearing (cathodic and anodic) coatings – ways
of application on metals (Galvanizing, Tinning, Electroplating, Electroless plating)


Nano materials:- Introduction – Sol-gel technique & chemical reduction technique of preparation –
Characterization by BET technique and TEM ways – Carbon nano tubes and fullerenes: varieties,
preparation, properties and applications
Liquid crystals:- Introduction – varieties – Applications
Superconductors :- Type-I & Type-2, properties &applications
Green synthesis:- Principles – 3or four ways of synthesis with examples – R4M4 principles


Types of solids – shut packing of atoms and ions – BCC , FCC, structures of common salt – metal
chloride- mineral – traditional and inverse spinels,
Non-elemental semiconductive Materials:- ratio, controlled valency & Chalcogen
photo/semiconductors, Preparation of Semiconductors – Semiconductor Devices:- contact
diode as rectifier – semiconductor unit.
Insulators (electrical and electronic applications)
Magnetic materials:- Ferro and ferri magnetism. Hall impact and its applications.


Solar Energy: – Introduction, application of alternative energy, conversion of alternative energy (Thermal
conversion conversion) – electrical phenomenon cell: style, operating and its importance
Non-conventional energy sources:
(i) Hydropower embrace setup a hydropower plant (schematic diagram)
(ii) energy energy: Introduction-schematic diagram of a energy station
(iii) periodic event and wave power: Introduction- style and working-movement of tides and
their impact on water level.
(iv) Ocean thermal energy: Introduction, closed-cycle, ocean thermal energy conversion
(OTEC), open cycle OTEC, hybrid OTEC, schematic diagram and clarification.
(v) Biomass and biofuels
Fuel cells:- Introduction – cell illustration, H2-O2 fuel cell: style and dealing, advantages
and limitations. kinds of cells: base-forming fuel cell – methanol-oxygen – oxyacid fuel
cells – liquified carbonate fuel cells.


The benefits and limitations of plastic materials and their use in style would be
understood. Fuels that ar used usually and their political economy, blessings and limitations ar
discussed. Reasons for corrosion and a few ways of corrosion management would be understood.
The students would be currently conscious of materials like nano-materials and fullerenes and their uses.
Similarly liquid crystals and superconductors ar understood. The importance of inexperienced synthesis
is well understood and the way they’re totally different from standard ways is additionally explained.
Conductance development is best understood. the scholars ar exposed to a number of the
alternative fuels and their blessings and limitations.

Standard Books:

  1. Engineering Chemistry by Jainist and Jain; Dhanpat Rai Publicating Co.
  2. Engineering Chemistry by Shikha Agarwal; university Press, 2015 edition.
    Reference Books:
  3. Engineering Chemistry of Wiley Republic of India Pvt. Ltd., Vairam et al., 2014 edition (second).
  4. Engineering Chemistry by Prasanth Rath, Cengage Learning, 2015 edition.
  5. A text book of engineering Chemistry by S. S. Dara; S. Chand & Co Ltd., Latest Edition
  6. Applied Chemistry by H.D. Gesser, Springer Publishers
  7. Text book of Nano-science and applied science by B.S. Murthy, P. Ravi Shankar and
    others, University Press, IIM